GemLand brings you Arizona geology, Arizona stargazing, Gemological Services, jewelry, and Archaeology.
Geology of Phoenix, Scottsdale tours, Sedona tours, Arizona hikes, Arizona Gemstones and meteorites, Sky Jewels (TM) stargazing, and more are yours with GemLand.
GemLand -- Arizona geology tours, Arizona stargazing with Sky Jewels(tm), the best in scenic resorts, Arizona Peridot, Four Peaks Amethyst, Native American jewelry, meteorites, and more!

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Take a virtual tour of the Superstition Mountains, near Phoenix, Apache Junction, and Gold Canyon, Arizona.
Take a virtual tour of Sedona, Flagstaff, Jerome, and the Verde Valley areas, in Arizona.


Back to GemLand Home Page -- Gemology, Geology, and Stargazing.
About GemLand -- Arizona Geology Tours, Sky Jewels Stargazing, Gemological Services.
Gemological Services, Gemstones, Arizona Peridot, Four Peaks Amethyst, Navajo Garnets, Turquoise, Diamonds, Jewelry from Gemland.
Rock Gardens, Rock Art, Petroglyphs, and Rock Sculpture in the Valley of the Sun, Phoenix, and Scottsdale, Arizona.
Geological History of The Valley of the Sun and the Superstition Mountains, Arizona.
GeoStories includes geologically, archaeologically, and astronomically inspired articles and stories by Richard Allen, and other recommended reading about the Valley of the Sun and other places in the American West.
Arizona Geology and Geology Tours by GemLand, formerly Gem-Land Adventures.
GemLand presents a variety of things pertaining to rocks -- gemological, geological, and astronomical. Movies, hikes, oddities, links to other sites, and more.
Arizona Astronomy, Arizona Stargazing, Telescopes, Sky Jewels (tm) Stargazing by GemLand.


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The Rocks of the Valley of the Sun

"The real voyage of discovery
consists not in seeking new landscapes
but in having new eyes."  --- Marcel Proust

Each name on the Map begins a series of up to 7 views -- some are interconnected with other names.

   The unique map below shows the placement of rock formations (typically in the form of mountains or ) in and around the Valley of the Sun, in central Arizona.  Find out why the Phoenix area is such .
   Explore it!  Click on names for some great views of the Valley, geological information, and recommendations for the most scenic resort settings and landscapes.
Each name connects you to a series of scenes.  For more geologic information, and a FREE map download, please see below*.
   A separate map shows the ancient Hohokam canal system.

   Visit the NEW Superstition Mountains Interactive Map, too!  This GemLand quadrangle lies just to the east of the map below. >> 


If you like rocks, gems, geology,
hiking, & stars in the sky,


Sample images from Map below

   There are currently over 90 views, woven together into a virtual tour of the Phoenix / Scottsdale area.  If you like, you can email this map to your friends!
   Consult the ""
page if you want more information on the map project itself. 
   Toggle between this map and the prehistoric (some 600 years ago) map.                   

The Rocks and Geology of the Valley of the Sun.

The area shown above measures about 50 miles (80 km) West to East, by 40 miles (64km) North to South, and encompasses approximately 2000 square miles (5200 km).
Population (year 2010) of the Phoenix metropolitan area is estimated to be about 4.4 million.  Towering sun-blasted rock formations and exotic cacti abound in this northern region of the vast Sonoran Desert.

Click this image for Phoenix, Arizona weather conditions.

   * There is more accompanying information on our GeoHistory page.                     (< >)
   You can also download and print a more geologically detailed version of this map and its accompanying color-coded GeoHistory in PDF format (.7MB).
   If you don't have Adobe Acrobat Reader (with which to view it), you can download it from the page.
   This map and all contents, except view below, (C) 2018

by Richard Allen.  All rights reserved.

Downtown Phoenix, Arizona, from North Mountain, looking south. Central Avenue is the prominent road running from the right foreground to the distance.

   Looking south (current image, usually updated every 15 minutes), from North Mountain, at downtown Phoenix, with South Mountain in the background, and the Sierra Estrella in the distance on the right.  The angle of view is shown on the map above by a "^".  Central Avenue is the prominent road running from the right foreground into the distance.
   View courtesy of Arizona Department of Environmental Quality, at Phoenix Visibility Web Cameras.

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