GemLand brings you Arizona geology, Arizona stargazing, Gemological Services, Native American jewelry, and Archaeology.
Geology of Phoenix, Scottsdale tours, Arizona hikes, Arizona Gemstones and meteorites, Sky Jewels (TM) stargazing, and more are yours with GemLand.
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Tour the Valley of the Sun and its GeoScenery.
Take a virtual tour of the Superstition Mountains, near Phoenix, Apache Junction, and Gold Canyon, Arizona.
Take a virtual tour of Sedona, Flagstaff, Jerome, and the Verde Valley areas, in Arizona.


Back to GemLand Home Page -- Gemology, Geology, and Stargazing.
About GemLand -- Arizona Geology Tours, Sky Jewels Stargazing, Gemological Services.
Gemological Services, Gemstones, Arizona Peridot, Four Peaks Amethyst, Navajo Garnets, Turquoise, Diamonds, Jewelry from Gemland.
Rock Gardens, Rock Art, Petroglyphs, and Rock Sculpture in the Valley of the Sun, Phoenix, and Scottsdale, Arizona.
Geological History of The Valley of the Sun and the Superstition Mountains, Arizona.
GeoStories includes geologically, archaeologically, and astronomically inspired articles and stories by Richard Allen, and other recommended reading about the Valley of the Sun and other places in the American West.
Arizona Geology and Geology Tours by GemLand, formerly Gem-Land Adventures.
GemLand presents a variety of things pertaining to rocks -- gemological, geological, and astronomical. Movies, hikes, oddities, links to other sites, and more.
Arizona Astronomy, Arizona Stargazing, Telescopes, Sky Jewels (tm) Stargazing by GemLand.


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GemLand -- Phoenix tours, Scottsdale, Arizona geology, gemological services, Four Peaks Amethyst, Arizona Peridot, Sky Jewels (R), Arizona stargazing, Navajo jewelry.
and the locations of
Interactive Maps

   The image at right, taken from the Apollo 16 spacecraft, shows a portion of the southwestern
United States and northwestern Mexico. 
   Arizona's approximate position is shown in yellow.  The peninsula of Baja California is visible along the lower left side of the North American continent.
   The cuts across Arizona from its northwest corner towards the middle of the eastern edge of the state, separating the (north) from the (south).  North is at the top in this view, and the view below.

Photo source: NASA  

Arizona from space.
Arizona and locations of The Valley of the Sun, the Superstition Mountains, and Sedona and the Verde Valley.

    The digital image at left shows landforms within Arizona, and the positions of the Valley of the Sun, the Superstition Mountains, and Sedona and the Verde Valley, all highlighted in yellow.
   A few small white areas are the highest in elevation (above 10,000 ft, ~3050m), green areas are between 10,000 ft (~3050m) and about 4000 ft (~1200m), light brown areas are between 4000 ft (~1200m) and 1000 ft (~300m), and the lowest areas in the state, below 1000 ft (~300m), are in dark brown.
   Green areas are also the most covered with vegetation.
   The Valley of the Sun, including Phoenix and Scottsdale, and the Superstition Mountains to the east, are in the , within the drainage basins of the Salt, Agua Fria, and Gila Rivers.
   Sedona and Camp Verde sit to the north in this province also, below the scenic cliffs of the .  The edge of the plateau is known locally as the .
   Flagstaff and Williams lie on the Colorado Plateau, at elevations of approximately 7000 feet (2100 meters).

   Image courtesy of US Geological Survey.








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